We know very well that aging is a natural thing and it happens because of the development of organs, tissues and cells within our body. There are the natural aging processes, (such as growing from childhood to adolescence or from adolescence to adulthood) and the cumulative processes (damage caused by sun exposure, damage from smoking, or excess alcoholic beverages).
Our skin is composed of two main layers:
- The epidermis, which is the outer layer we can see.
- The dermis, which is the layer directly below the epidermis
As it ages, the dermis becomes thinner and as a result the blood supply decreases. In addition, collagen production also decreases, which is the reason for the development of lines and wrinkles on the skin.
When we lose collagen, we lose elasticity. A skin with good elasticity will be more resistant and can recover its shape when deformed, such as when we smile, for example. Loss of elasticity is particularly noticeable in people who spend a lot of time under the sun.
The thinner our skin, the more fragile it becomes. If the sweat glands or dermis oil producers do not work, the skin will become dry and consequently more prone to developing wrinkles.
So, in order to protect our skin, we need to use products that help or inhibit the aging process.
There are some very common ingredients out there that will surely help you delay skin aging. Look for the following ingredients in the products you are buying:
Hyaluronic acid: Hyaluronic acid is a large carbohydrate that binds to water giving it viscosity (similar to gelatin). Fifty percent of the body’s supply of hyaluronic acid comes from the skin’s tissues, but as we age, our natural ability to produce it decreases. Studies have shown that small molecules of hyaluronic acid can retain a thousand times their weight in water, helping to fill wrinkles in the skin.
Retinol: Retinol is a form of vitamin A, which when applied to the skin acts as an antioxidant and helps create healthier cells. It also stimulates collagen production, which is the protein that helps support the skin’s structure while maintaining its firmness.
Plant extracts: Nature knows a lot, so many companies are choosing to incorporate natural ingredients into their anti-aging and skin care products. Plant extracts have the ability to deeply nourish the skin from the dermis. They also have other benefits: they have anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties, which help those suffering from acne, psoriasis and rosacea.